What is intelligence? What is cognition? Is thinking and thought exclusively human? Can Artificial Intelligent machines experience emotion and feelings, such as love and anger? … Today's IT systems are mostly data and communication tools for human workers. Tomorrow's IT systems will be able to do more: automate decisions, intelligently analyze large amounts of data, and learn from their mistakes. … It is predicted that computers will match the computational functions of the human brain early in the next century, and that soon afterwards humans and computers will merge to become a new species. Can humans compete?
Mankind has always thought of what if. If I could only find a way to get from Point A to Point B faster, I would have more time for X, Y, & Z. from the first invention of the flint rock for hunting, to the discovery of fire, we have always looked for ways to do things just a little better than the day before. That same mind set led man to discover that the world was round instead of flat, that a country called America exhausted, that machines could work faster than man, ie (The Industrial Revolution), and to our technological advances of the 21st century.
As the microprocessor throughput approaches the speed limits imposed by fundamental device technology, computational parallelism becomes the most viable alternative for achieving breakthroughs in computing power. Just as hardware advances drive multimedia applications, in turn, also increase the appetite for more computational power. No matter how fast computers become, new applications are found that stretch the available resources to the limit. Recent advances in technology are providing faster microprocessors and network communications, reducing power dissipation in electronic systems and producing higher-density, low-cost data storage devices.
In turn, these advances are creating a demand for new multi-media applications and interfaces. Continued advances in computing, communication and storage technologies, combined with the development of a national and global grid system, holds the promise of providing the required capabilities and an effective environment for computing and science.